Discovering the Italian wines is both a cultural and adventurous trip into the history of Italy, its geography and into a tremendous grape variety that still inspires. Responsible and famous for the culture of the largest majority of the international grape variety, Italy is, since 2008, when it defeated France, the world’s biggest wine producer, with more than a million cultivated vineyards.
It was the Greek colonization that flourished viticulture on today’s lands of Italy. If, at the beginning, only Sicily and southern Italy were used as viticulture plantations, soon, they sprang up so much, that the emperor Domitian was forced to destroy a part of them, only to provide free fertile lands for food plantation. Wine was, since early days, often consumed in Italy, and still is.
And since Italian wines have such a strong reputation, and the vineyards all over Italy produce such a huge variety of wines, an appellation system was very much needed. The Italian appellation system has four classes of wine, the Table Wines-2 and the “Higher End” wines, another 2, each of them being categorized under EU categories.
Table wines include 2 categories: Vino da Tavola, which denotes wines from Italy, either inferior wines, or who do not follow wine laws, and Indicazione Geografica Tipica, which refers to wines from a specific region in Italy.
The “Higher End” wine classification actually refers to the EU’s category Quality Wine Produced in a Specific Region, which includes two subcategories: Denominazione di Origine Controlatta (refers to a mainstream quality wine) and Denominazione di Origine Controlatta e Garantita (which certifies that a region has a track record of quality). There are 36 DOCG wines, located in 13 different Italian regions.
Here are the most famous Italian DOCG wines:
Italy has 20 regions were grapes are cultivated, Aosta Valley, Piedmont, Liguria, Lombardy, Trentino-Alto Adige, Friuli –Venezia Giulia, Veneto, Emilia – Romagna, Tuscany, Marche, Umbria, Lazio, Abruzzo, Molise, Campania, Basilicata, Apulia, Calabria, Sicily and Sardinia.
Tags: italian wines, wine, wine tasting, red wine, white wine, wine red, wine bottle, italian wine
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